Glossary attachment

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Par Value

See Face Value.


Means any person who makes Contributions or on whose behalf Contributions are made into the Pension Fund, and held in an identifiable Individual Pension Account managed by the Pension Fund Manager.


The combined holdings of more than one cash equivalent security, bond, stock, commodity, or any other assets by an individual investor or institutional investor

Power of Attorney

Authority given (usually in a legal document) to an individual to act on another individual's behalf in matters concerning his/ her affairs in general or under certain circumstances.


For a mutual fund - the net asset value per share/ unit calculated on a specific day.

Price Earning Ratio

Current price per share / Earning per share.

This formula shows a company’s earnings versus its share price.

Principal: The face value that has been borrowed (amount of a debt security) or invested (amount of deposit), on which interest is earned, that has to be repaid to the investor.


The amount remaining after all costs (direct and indirect) are deducted from the income of a business or from the amount realized on sale.


A legal document in which a corporation or other legal entity offers a new issue of securities to the investing public. The prospectus, which is compiled in accordance with the regulators' requirements, describes in detail the issuer, its business, the securities being offered, the use of the proceeds, management, a set of financial statements etc.


(1) Generally, a person authorized to act or speak or substitute for another. (2) Written permission (or power of attorney) granted by a shareholder to someone else, to represent him/ her at a shareholders' meeting, and vote on his/ her behalf. (3) An alternate term for an attorney.


The act of buying mutual fund units or securities.

Put option

An option contract which gives the buyer the right to sell the underlying security to the writer at a fixed price prior to an agreed-upon expiry date. Put options are usually purchased by investors who believe the underlying security may go down.

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